The Jacquard process and the necessary loom attachment are named after their inventor, Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752–1834). He recognized that although weaving was intricate, it was repetitive, and saw that a mechanism could be developed for the production of sophisticated patterns just as it had been done for the production of simple patterns.
It is difficult to determine what part of the 'Jacquard' machine, Jacquard himself designed. He may have combined the best mechanical elements of other inventors, but at any rate the machine he made must have differed from its predecessors in arrangement and minor working details.
One of the chief advantages which was claimed for the Jacquard machine was that, previously in weaving damasks the figuring shed was usually drawn once for every four shots, with the new apparatus it could be drawn on every shot, thus producing a fabric with greater definition of outline.
The beauty of the Jacquard loom is its ability to handle each thread individually. Anywhere from 100-15,000 threads can be woven independently. Thus, fabrics of almost any type or complexity can be made. Brocade and damask are types of jacquard woven fabrics.
Jacquard fabric can be best identified by its raised design or pattern. It often has a deep, rich texture and a slightly heavier weight. When out shopping you’d be able to find a jacquard dress, neck tie, tapestry or even curtains. It’s extremely versatile.
If you love the look of jacquard fabric consider looking at jacquard dress for your bridesmaids or even for the skirting of your bridal gown.