Damask (Arabic: دمسق) is a reversible figured fabric of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers, with a pattern formed by weaving.
Damasks are woven with one warp yarn and one weft yarn, usually with the pattern in warp-faced satin weave and the ground in weft-faced or sateen weave. Twill damasks include a twill-woven ground or pattern. Damasks were one of the five basic weaving techniques of the Byzantine and Islamic weaving centres of the early Middle Ages, and derive their name from their supposed origin in the city of Damascus, Syria. Damasks were scarce after the ninth century outside of Islamic Spain, but were revived in some places in the 13th century. By the 14th century, damasks were being woven on draw looms in Italy. From the 14th to the 16th century, most damasks were woven in a single colour, with a glossy warp-faced satin pattern against a duller ground. Two-colour damasks had contrasting colour warps and wefts, and polychrome damasks added gold and other metallic threads or additional colors as supplemental brocading wefts. Medieval damasks were usually woven in silk, but wool and linen damasks were also woven.
Most contemporary Damasks are two-toned, black and white patterns. It is a very popular pattern for furniture, home furnishings such as curtains, and purses. You can find a wide variety of Damask wedding accessories such as guest books, flower girl baskets, and thank you cards. Damask wedding accessories as a touch of fun and class to any wedding.