Chantilly lace borrows its name from its town of origin, Chantilly, France, and is a style of lace distinguished by its outlined patterns and intricate detail. The "outlines" of this lace are made from cordonnet, an untwisted, flat strand of thread.
The History of Chantilly Lace
The traditions of Chantilly lace date back to the 17th century, when the Duchesse de Longueville organized the manufacture of lace in Chantilly, France.
Traditionally, Chantilly lace was made by hand on bobbins, in a process of twisting and braiding lengths of thread wound on bobbins, giving the maker more control of the thread. Silk was the material of choice, and black Chantilly lace was the standard in these days, making it a suitable style for wear during periods of mourning.
During the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, Chantilly lace fabric was especially favored by Madame du Barry and Marie Antoinette (Louis XV's mistress, and Louis XVI's spouse, respectively). However, this favoritism proved fatal for the lace-makers, as they were seen of protégés of the royals, and were subsequently killed during the French Revolution, shortly after Madame du Barry and Marie Antoinette met their death by way of guillotine, in 1793.
The production of Chantilly lace was halted, until it was revived by Napoleon I, between the years of 1804 and 1815, reaching the height of its popularity in 1830.
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